Family Pigeons, Doves (Columbidae)

Least Concern

Spot-winged Pigeon (Patagioenas maculosa)


French: Pigeon tigré German: Fleckentaube Spanish: Paloma moteada común

Columba Maculosa


, 1813,



Hitherto treated as conspecific with P. albipennis but here given species status since it lacks the broad white wingband of albipennis formed by broad white edges to outer wing-coverts (3); has darker brown-grey wing-coverts with more pronounced white spotting (2); shorter bill, effect size 2.39 (2); in addition, iris may be darker (NHMUK label data). The two probably also differ in ecology since maculosa only occurs below 1000 m. and this species is only encountered above 2000 m. Related to P. picazuro. Monotypic.


SE Bolivia (Santa Cruz, Tarija), Paraguay, S Brazil (S Rio Grande do Sul) and Uruguay S to SC Argentina.

Descriptive notes

32–33 cm; 308–347 g. Forehead, crown, nape, hindneck and breast predominantly dull purplish pink; rest of head and underparts grey, slightly tinged purplish pink... read more


Generally similar to P. picazuro, but more ‘throaty’. Song is a rhythmic series of very... read more


Arid to semi-arid fairly open woodland and scrub, including Chaco; sometimes in small ... read more

Food and feeding

Feeds mostly on seeds, including rice; one observer reported seeing birds eat fruit and greenery; in Argentina regarded as a pest of... read more


In Brazil recorded in Oct, Nov, Feb and May, but probably nests year-round, as in Argentina; late Sept in Paraguay. Male performs display-... read more


Isolated records in S Brazil, from Santa Catarina and CW Paraná, hint at some dispersal or... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. May be increasing. Widespread and common in lowland S of range. In Argentina, is currently expanding its range and is considered a pest to... read more

Recommended citation

Baptista, L.F., Trail, P.W., Horblit, H.M., Kirwan, G.M., Boesman, P. & Garcia, E.F.J. (2020). Spot-winged Pigeon (Patagioenas maculosa). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 26 January 2020).