Family New World Quails (Odontophoridae)

Least Concern

Spot-winged Wood-quail (Odontophorus capueira)


French: Tocro uru German: Capueirawachtel Spanish: Corcovado urú

Perdix capueira


, 1825,

Rio de Janeiro and Minas Gerais, Brazil


Race plumbeicollis not well defined and possibly undiagnosable, seemingly based on a unique type#R. Two subspecies tentatively recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • O. c. plumbeicollis Cory, 1915 – NE Brazil (Ceará, Paraíba#R and Alagoas).
  • O. c. capueira (Spix, 1825) – E Paraguay, extreme NE Argentina (Misiones) and E Brazil (Bahia S to SE Mato Grosso and Rio Grande do Sul).
  • Descriptive notes

    26·5–30 cm; estimated weight of male 457 g, of female 396 g. Bright red bare eyering and eyelid. Sides of head, malar region, chin, throat, breast and belly... read more


    Advertising call is a rather slow, repeated and far-carrying “uru...uru...uru...uru...... read more


    Atlantic lowland tropical forest, including second-growth forest, to at least 1600 m. Found on... read more

    Food and feeding

    Berries, especially Phytolacca decandra (Phytolaccaceae); also nuts of Araucaria (Araucariaceae) on forest floor, and... read more


    Lays Aug–Nov at least; nest in state of São Paulo in Feb. Monogamous. Nests on ground, sometimes in armadillo holes. In... read more


    Presumably sedentary.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Mace Lande: Safe. Considered threatened in state of Minas Gerais and is virtually extinct in lowlands of Rio de Janeiro. Very little... read more

    Recommended citation

    Carroll, J.P. & Kirwan, G.M. (2020). Spot-winged Wood-quail (Odontophorus capueira). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 24 February 2020).