French: Marouette fuligineuse German: Südsee-Sumpfhuhn Spanish: Polluela de Tongatapu
J. F. Gmelin
Tongatapu Group, Tonga
Subspecies and Distribution
Z. t. tabuensis
(J. F. Gmelin, 1789) – N Philippines (Luzon and Mindoro#R#R) through Australia, Tasmania, New Zealand and Chatham Is to New Caledonia and SW Pacific islands and E through Micronesia and Polynesia.
Z. t. edwardi
(Gyldenstolpe, 1955) – Central Highlands of W, C & E New Guinea.
Z. t. richardsoni
(Rand, 1940) – summit plateau of Maoke Mts (WC New Guinea).
15–18 cm; male 34–56 (45·5) g, female 21–58 (40)g; wingspan 26–29 cm. Sexes alike. Easily distinguished from all sympatric small crakes:... read more
Calls distinctive. Commonest calls, given during breeding season: loud trilling purr, resembling... read more
Usually dense vegetation in, or at margins of, freshwater or saline wetlands, either permanent or... read more
Food and feeding
Molluscs, crustaceans (ostracods and amphipods), Collembola, adult and larval insects (Ephemeroptera, Coleoptera, Diptera and Orthoptera),... read more
Australia, Sept–Jan; New Zealand, Aug–Jan; New Caledonia, Oct; Vanuatu, probably Sept–Feb; Society Is, Jul. Monogamous;... read more
Generally regarded as resident over much of range. In Australia relatively few records in S during... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). In Australia suitable habitat lost through drainage of wetlands, but species probably still plentiful in many areas, though... read more
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