no locality = Ciudad de Panamá, Panama.
Recent evolutionary study of this species and H. naevius#R found that neither is monophyletic, as present species is nested within latter and is sister to the H. naevius forms found S of R Amazon. See also H. naevius. Birds from W Colombian lowlands described as race subsimilis, but considered inseparable from nominate. Two subspecies recognized.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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