Family Antpittas (Grallariidae)

Least Concern

Spotted Antpitta (Hylopezus macularius)


French: Grallaire tachetée German: Brillenameisenpitta Spanish: Tororoí moteado

Pitta macularia


, 1830,

Brazil; error = Cayenne


Recent study#R established form whittakeri as full species and proposed split of other races into two further biological species, H. paraensis and H. macularius (with dilutus as a race); however, differences in plumage and morphometrics are all minor or non-existent (with latter untestable as no standard deviations provided), and vocal differences in general relatively minor, with whittakeri the most distinctive but on basis of published evidence vs nominate effect size for number of notes −4.57 (2) and for pace −4.24 (2)#R. All taxa therefore retained here as conspecific. Name dilutus previously treated as synonym of paraensis, but shown to apply to the form previously listed under the younger name diversus#R. Four subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • H. m. macularius (Temminck, 1830) – Spotted Antpitta – NE Venezuela (Sierra de Imataca), the Guianas, and N Brazil E at least from Manaus.
  • H. m. dilutus (Hellmayr, 1910) – S Venezuela (region around Mt Duida, upper R Orinoco and Caño Casiquiare), SE Colombia (Loretoyacu, in extreme SE Amazonas), NE Peru N of R Amazon (Iquitos, Puerto Indiana) and also S of R Marañón and W of R Ucayali (Pacaya-Samiria), and NW Brazil (R Negro Basin).
  • H. m. whittakeri Carneiro et al., 2012 – Alta Floresta Antpitta – S of R Amazon in Madeira–Xingu interfluvium, SC Amazonia, Brazil.
  • H. m. paraensis (E. Snethlage, 1910) – Snethlage's Antpitta – S of R Amazon in E Pará (R Xingu) E to W Maranhão, Brazil.
  • Descriptive notes

    14 cm; two males 43 g and 47 g, three females 47–53 g, 34 unsexed (macularius), 40–47 g (whittakeri). Adult has grey or olive-grey crown and nape,... read more


    Song of macularius c. 2·5 seconds long, given at intervals of 7–10 seconds,... read more


    Floor and dense undergrowth of forest, e.g. around treefalls and along streams in humid terra... read more

    Food and feeding

    One stomach held “insects”. Alone, less often in pairs. Hops or runs on the ground, flicking aside leaves.


    Eggs in Apr in French Guiana, and female ready to lay in Jun in Suriname. One nest described, a shallow, very rudimentary cup of twigs and... read more


    Presumably sedentary.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Uncommon; uncommon and local in Peru. Nominate race occurs in Imataca Forest Reserve and El Dorado, in Venezuela, and in Brownsberg... read more

    Recommended citation

    Krabbe, N.K. & Schulenberg, T.S. (2019). Spotted Antpitta (Hylopezus macularius). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 19 August 2019).