Family Tapaculos (Rhinocryptidae)

Near Threatened

Spotted Bamboowren (Psilorhamphus guttatus)


French: Mérulaxe des bambous German: Trugzaunkönig Spanish: Tapaculo overo

Leptorhynchus guttatus


, 1835,

Cuiabá-Sabará, Minas Gerais, south-east Brazil


Systematic position long disputed; owing to unusual tarsal scutellation, has variously been placed in Thamnophilidae, Troglodytidae and Polioptilidae, but syrinx and sternum are typical of Rhinocryptidae; recent morphological analyses#R and genetic findings#R both corroborate placement in present family. Monotypic.


SE Brazil from SE Minas Gerais and W Espírito Santo S to N & NE Rio Grande do Sul#R, and adjacent NE Argentina (Misiones); probably also SE Paraguay.

Descriptive notes

13·5 cm; male 10·5–13 g, one probable female 11·5 g. Male has crown and upper back grey, brown wash on back; rear crown and back with minute white... read more


Song (very loud for bird’s size) 13–20 seconds long, a repetition of a loud, level or... read more


Large stands of bamboo at edge of dense secondary forest, less often in vine tangles and other... read more

Food and feeding

Feeds on insects and larvae. Alone or in pairs. Average foraging height 2 m, but will climb as high as 7 m in dense vines; hops tirelessly... read more


Nothing known.


Probably sedentary.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Currently considered Near-threatened. Restricted-range species: present in Atlantic forest lowlands EBA. Rare to locally uncommon; possibly... read more

Recommended citation

Krabbe, N.K., Schulenberg, T.S. & de Juana, E. (2020). Spotted Bamboowren (Psilorhamphus guttatus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 18 February 2020).