French: Marouette ponctuée German: Tüpfelsumpfhuhn Spanish: Polluela pintoja
British Is (very locally) and Spain E across S Scandinavia, N Mediterranean and Balkans to W & C Russia, Caucasus, Iran and Arabia#R, continuing to Kazakhstan, SW Siberia (Suva), NW China (W Xinjiang) and NW Mongolia. Winters from Mediterranean and Middle East S to W Africa, and from Sudan S to NE South Africa and W to Namibia; also Pakistan and India; irregularly SW Caspian Sea.
22–24 cm; unsexed 57–147 (87·5) g; wingspan 37–42 cm. Rather plump crake, readily distinguished from sympatric rallids on size, structure and plumage... read more
Advertising call of male a short, sharp ascending whistle “whitt”, suggesting whiplash, repeated... read more
Freshwater wetlands with dense cover of sedges and rushes (Carex, Eleocharis,... read more
Food and feeding
Omnivorous; mainly small aquatic invertebrates and parts of aquatic plants. Takes earthworms, molluscs, Arachnida, insects and their larvae... read more
Europe, Apr–Jul; former USSR, May–Jul. Monogamous; pair-bond maintained only during breeding season. Territorial when breeding... read more
European birds move S to SW in autumn; some winter S Europe and N Africa (Egypt and Morocco),... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Numbers fluctuate widely in most areas, due to nature of preferred habitat, but decreases evident over most of European range during... read more
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