Family Elachura (Elachuridae)

Least Concern

Spotted Elachura (Elachura formosa)


French: Élachure tachetée German: Fleckenbrustelachura Spanish: Ratina moteada
Other common names: Elachura, Spotted Wren-babbler

T[roglodytes]. formosus


, 1874,

Darjeeling, India


Recently discovered population in Indochina (Laos) apparently lacks white spotting on throat and breast, and may represent a separate race. Currently treated as monotypic.


E Nepal E to NE Indian hill states, NE Bangladesh, N & W Myanmar, N Thailand, SE China (SE Xizang, W, C & SE Yunnan E to Hunan, NW Fujian and N Guangdong), N & C Laos and N Vietnam (W Tonkin, N Annam).

Descriptive notes

10 cm. Tiny short-tailed wren-babbler, brown with white speckles. Head, neck side and upperparts are dull brown-grey, with well-spaced tiny spots that are buffy white on... read more


Song a thin, faltering, extremely high-pitched, drawn-out, tinkling “ti-ti-ti-i tit-si-ii ti-... read more


Undergrowth and dense thickets in dank temperate and subtropical broadleaf (including rhododendron... read more

Food and feeding

Insects. No other information.


Season Apr–May. Unauthenticated nest described as a deep semi-domed cup of leaves, dead grass, roots etc., densely lined with... read more


Resident; in Bhutan, some evidence of slight downhill shift in winter.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Single record for Nepal, in 1984, in what is now Makalu Barun National Park. Significantly commoner in Bhutan than elsewhere in range... read more

Recommended citation

Collar, N., Robson, C. & de Juana, E. (2020). Spotted Elachura (Elachura formosa). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 21 February 2020).