Family Bulbuls (Pycnonotidae)

Least Concern

Spotted Greenbul (Ixonotus guttatus)


French: Bulbul tacheté German: Fleckenbülbül Spanish: Bulbul moteado

Ixonotus guttatus

J. P. Verreaux and J. B. É. Verreaux

, 1851,



Proposed race bugoma (NE DRCongo E to Bugoma Forest, in Uganda), with forehead on average browner, less grey, appears not satisfactorily distinguishable. Monotypic.


E Sierra Leone and SE Guinea E to Ghana, and SW Nigeria E to WC & S Uganda and extreme NW Tanzania, S to S Congo, N Angola (Cabinda) and SC DRCongo (S as far as Kwango, Kasai, Maniema and Kivu).

Descriptive notes

c. 17 cm; male 31–40 g, female 34–38 g. Small greenbul, distinctive in plumage and behaviour. Lores are whitish, periorbital area and ear-coverts grey-brown with... read more


Distinctive dry chirping or “ticking” call, resembling noise made by electric spark,... read more


Evergreen and semi-deciduous forest, both primary and, less commonly, secondary, also gallery... read more

Food and feeding

Fruit, particularly figs (Ficus), also Heisteria, Macaranga, Musanga, Ochthocosmus, ... read more


Nesting recorded in Mar–May, Jun and Aug (young in Oct) in Cameroon, and in Dec–Feb, Apr, Jun–Jul and Oct (probably all... read more


Uncertain; thought to be sedentary for part of year, nomadic at other times. Largest groups in... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Locally common to scarce across its wide range. Estimated density 1 bird/2 ha in Nigeria. Occurs in numerous national parks, including those of those... read more

Recommended citation

Fishpool, L. & Tobias, J. (2019). Spotted Greenbul (Ixonotus guttatus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 22 November 2019).