A distinctive species of uncertain affinities, perhaps most closely allied to the D. poliocephala species-group. Nominate carola differs from the two other, well-marked races in having a mid-grey to pale grey vs charcoal-black breast patch (3) and less extensive white above the breast patch (1), but no other evidence of difference is apparent; study of voice needed. Three subspecies recognized.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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