Family Laughingthrushes and allies (Leiotrichidae)

Least Concern

Spotted Laughingthrush (Garrulax ocellatus)


French: Garrulaxe ocellé German: Waldhäherling Spanish: Charlatán ocelado

Cinclosoma ocellatum


, 1831,

Himalayas = Darjeeling, West Bengal, India


See comments under G. maximus. Race maculipectus previously listed under older name similis; with inclusion of present species and Trochalopteron variegatum simile in genus Garrulax, name similis became preoccupied, and was replaced by maculipectus; this made the name similis permanently invalid for the taxon now known as maculipectus, even though herein the two forms are not treated as congeneric. Four subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • G. o. griseicauda Koelz, 1950 – N India (Uttarakhand) and W Nepal.
  • G. o. ocellatus (Vigors, 1831) – C Nepal E to Bhutan, NE India (W Arunachal Pradesh) and adjacent S China (S & SE Xizang).
  • G. o. maculipectus Hachisuka, 1953 – N Myanmar and S China (W & NW Yunnan).
  • G. o. artemisiae (David, 1871) – EC China (S Gansu S to WC Sichuan and extreme NE Yunnan; W Hubei).
  • Descriptive notes

    30–33 cm; 104–136 g. Very large dark-capped laughingthrush with scaly pattern. Nominate race has crown to nape matt-black, neck side, mantle, back and scapulars... read more


    Song consists of repeated rich mellow fluty phrases, e.g. “wu-it, wu-u, wu-u, wi-u, wi-u... read more


    Undergrowth in high-elevation forest, light open mixed forest with undergrowth, thick rhododendron... read more

    Food and feeding

    Insects, fruit and seeds; diet appears almost entirely vegetarian, but nestlings fed with insects. Inconspicuous. Keeps in pairs and in... read more


    May–Jun in India and Xizang (S China). Nest reportedly a large, loose cup, made of twigs, dry grasses, bamboo leaves, roots, moss and... read more


    Resident; winter dispersal to lower elevations reported from Bhutan.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Fairly common in Nepal, including in Langtang National Park. Frequent in Bhutan, but usually singly or with very few together. Fairly common in India... read more

    Recommended citation

    Collar, N. & Robson, C. (2020). Spotted Laughingthrush (Garrulax ocellatus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 24 February 2020).