Family Tinamous (Tinamidae)

Least Concern

Spotted Nothura (Nothura maculosa)


French: Tinamou tacheté German: Fleckensteißhuhn Spanish: Tinamú manchado

Tinamus maculosa


, 1815,



Sometimes considered to include N. darwinii and N. chacoensis (see those two). Eight subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • N. m. cearensis Naumburg, 1932 – NE Brazil (S Ceará).
  • N. m. major (Spix, 1825) – EC Brazil (Goiás, Minas Gerais and SW Bahia).
  • N. m. paludivaga Conover, 1950 – N & NC Argentina (E Formosa, Chaco).
  • N. m. maculosa (Temminck, 1815) – E Paraguay and SE Brazil (Mato Grosso do Sul, São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro S to Rio Grande do Sul) to NE Argentina (Misiones S to N Santa Fe and Entre Ríos) and Uruguay.
  • N. m. pallida Olrog, 1959 – N Argentina (Jujuy and E Catamarca E to W Formosa and Chaco).
  • N. m. annectens Conover, 1950 – E Argentina (C Córdoba and N Buenos Aires S to S La Pampa).
  • N. m. submontana Conover, 1950 – upland SW Argentina (N Neuquén S to N Chubut).
  • N. m. nigroguttata Salvadori, 1895 – moist grasslands of SC Argentina (SE Neuquén S to NE Chubut).
  • Descriptive notes

    24–26·5 cm; male 152–292 g, female 164–316 g (nominate), 268 g (one female race paludivaga), male 193–297 g, female 192–361 g (race... read more


    Commonest call, heard throughout year, a high-pitched sustained trill 4–6 seconds in duration... read more


    Pastureland, grassy savanna, barren scrub, shrub-steppe, caatinga, hedgerows, Larrea... read more

    Food and feeding

    One of the better-known members of the family. Omnivorous, with strong herbivorous tendencies. Animal items taken include ants (Formicidae... read more


    Season Aug–Apr/May, in S probably limited more to austral spring/summer; up to six broods in some places, e.g. locally in Brazil.... read more


    Presumably sedentary.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Widespread, common to locally common. One of commonest tinamous. Densities of 0·25–0·9 birds/ha for many months... read more

    Recommended citation

    Cabot, J., Christie, D.A., Jutglar, F., Garcia, E.F.J. & Sharpe, C.J. (2020). Spotted Nothura (Nothura maculosa). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 3 April 2020).