Family Pardalotes (Pardalotidae)

Least Concern

Spotted Pardalote (Pardalotus punctatus)


French: Pardalote pointillé German: Fleckenpanthervogel Spanish: Pardalote moteado

Pipra punctata


, 1792,

“New Holland” = Port Jackson region, New South Wales, Australia


Modern resistance to traditional treatment of race xanthopyge as a separate species based on (a) intergradation with nominate in SE Australia and (b) presence in geographically outlying race millitaris of characters bridging the two#R. Intergradation not being an obstacle to the Tobias criteria, however, xanthopyge scores highly against nominate and millitaris on basis of yellow vs rusty rump (3), with accompanying purer yellow on breast (no score) and paler, greyer or whiter tone to spotting above and lower underparts (1), plus wide zone of hybridization (1); moreover, minor differences in song vs nominate (fewer notes at higher pitch) may exist and need verification, although generally the taxa are vocally very similar#R. Three subspecies recognized.

What do (1) and (2) mean? Learn more about the scoring system.
Subspecies and Distribution
  • P. p. millitaris Mathews, 1912 – NE Australia (coastal and subcoastal NE Queensland).
  • P. p. punctatus (Shaw, 1792) – Spotted Pardalote – coastal and subcoastal SW, S, E & SE Australia (in E, as far N as Clarke Range), including Bass Strait islands (King I, Flinders I) and Tasmania.
  • P. p. xanthopyge McCoy, 1866 – Yellow-rumped Pardalote – semi-arid inland SW & SE Australia.
  • Descriptive notes

    8·5–10·5 cm; 7–12 g. Tiny passerine with exquisite coloration and pattern of spots, short square-cut tail and short deep bill. Male nominate race... read more


    Surprisingly loud and rich song of 3–4 syllables, “s-leep ba-by”, first note weak... read more


    Wide range of eucalypt (Eucalyptus) formations, varying from tall open forests with canopy... read more

    Food and feeding

    Diet invertebrates and plant exudates; main items are lerps (the carbohydrate-rich cover of some psyllid insects) and manna (sugary exudate... read more


    Season recorded as Jun–Mar, principally Aug–Dec; two broods per season perhaps normal, but proportion of pairs rearing further... read more


    General tendency for post-breeding dispersal to drier inland lowlands and/or more N parts of range... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Generally common throughout an extensive range; somewhat elusive, often detected more readily by call. Reported densities 0·1–17 birds/... read more

    Recommended citation

    Woinarski, J. (2019). Spotted Pardalote (Pardalotus punctatus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 27 May 2019).