French: Râle tacheté German: Fleckenralle Spanish: Rascón overo
Cayenne, French Guiana
Subspecies and Distribution
P. m. insolitus
(Bangs & Peck, 1908) – Northern Spotted Rail – Mexico to Costa Rica.
P. m. maculatus
(Boddaert, 1783) – Southern Spotted Rail – W Cuba, Hispaniola, Jamaica, Trinidad; Colombia E to the Guianas and E Brazil, and S to NW Peru, E Bolivia, Paraguay, Uruguay and Argentina.
25–28cm; male 148–219 (189)g, female 130–190 (156) g, unsexed 140–198 (171)g. Sexes alike; female probably slightly smaller. Differs from all other... read more
Loud, repeated, rasping, groaning screech, usually preceded by grunt or pop, “g'reech” or “pum-... read more
Inhabits marshes, including those predominantly of Typha or Polygonum, swamps,... read more
Food and feeding
Earthworms, adult and larval insects (Coleoptera, Hemiptera, Diptera and Odonata), and other invertebrates; small fish; also pondweed ... read more
Cuba, late summer to early autumn, at least to Sept; Hispaniola, breeding condition Jun; Trinidad, Jun–Aug; Costa Rica, breeding... read more
None recorded, but may show widespread dispersal or vagrancy. In Surinam, one entered house at... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Locally distributed; in past often regarded as uncommon to rare, but locally common in Zapata Swamp (Cuba), Costa Rica, Colombia and... read more
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