Family Tyrant-flycatchers (Tyrannidae)

Least Concern

Spotted Tody-flycatcher (Todirostrum maculatum)


French: Todirostre tacheté German: Fleckenbrust-Todityrann Spanish: Titirijí moteado

Todus maculatus


, 1806,

Cayenne, French Guiana


Five subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • T. m. amacurense Eisenmann & Phelps, Jr, 1971 – NE Venezuela, Trinidad and N Guyana.
  • T. m. maculatum (Desmarest, 1806) – Suriname, French Guiana and NE Brazil (from R Xingu E to Amapá, E Pará and N Maranhão).
  • T. m. signatum P. L. Sclater & Salvin, 1881 – SE Colombia (Caquetá, Amazonas), W Brazil (W Amazonas, W Rondônia), E Ecuador, E Peru and NW Bolivia.
  • T. m. annectens J. T. Zimmer, 1940 – N Brazil (R Branco and NE Amazonas S to mouth of R Negro).
  • T. m. diversum J. T. Zimmer, 1940 – C Brazil from R Negro E to R Jamundá and, S of Amazon, from E Amazonas (Tefé and upper R Madeira) E to right bank of R Tapajós.
  • Descriptive notes

    8·9–10·2 cm; 6·4–8·3 g. Nominate race has grey head with some black and white crown streaks, small white supraloral spot; olive... read more


    Clear, sharp and loud “tee” or “peek”, repeated up to 12 times at 2 per... read more


    Usually associated with wet areas, e.g. dense shrubby thickets and second growth along edges of... read more

    Food and feeding

    Recorded foods include arachnoids, flies (Diptera), termites (Isoptera), butterflies (Lepidoptera). Usually in pairs, independent of mixed... read more


    Eggs recorded in all months; juveniles with adults in Aug in Colombia. Nest built by both sexes, taking c. 2 weeks, an untidy elongated... read more


    Probably sedentary.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Fairly common to common. Occurs in many national parks and other protected areas throughout its fairly large range. Able to thrive in secondary and... read more

    Recommended citation

    Walther, B. (2019). Spotted Tody-flycatcher (Todirostrum maculatum). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 14 December 2019).