Family New World Quails (Odontophoridae)

Least Concern

Spotted Wood-quail (Odontophorus guttatus)


French: Tocro tacheté German: Tropfenwachtel Spanish: Corcovado goteado

Ortyx guttata


, 1838,

Bay of Honduras = Belize


Proposed race matudae known only from one location (Mt Madre Vieja, in Chiapas, S Mexico), and not normally considered valid; further investigation required#R. Monotypic.


S Mexico (S México to Yucatán) and Belize through Guatemala and W & C Honduras into adjacent Nicaragua; also locally in Costa Rica and adjacent W Panama.

Descriptive notes

23–28 cm; average male 314 g, female 294 g. Only heavily spotted Odontophorus in Middle America. Polymorphic in both sexes, with brown and red morphs. Brown... read more


Advertising call, mainly given early morning and evening, a rapidly repeated but variable series of... read more


Tropical and subtropical montane forests at 500–3000 m, although locally to lower elevations... read more

Food and feeding

Small bulbs, rootlets, flesh of large nuts and insects, including pupae and larvae (of Diptera, Coleoptera). Food obtained by scratching... read more


Nesting possibly May–Jun in Yucatán, Mexico; young chicks in Mar in Panama and May in Chiapas, S Mexico, and Guatemala; male... read more


Presumably sedentary; might undertake altitudinal migrations in Costa Rica. Circulates in coveys of... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Mace Lande: Safe. Very few data available; total population might number fewer than 500,000 birds, possibly declining. Apparently... read more

Recommended citation

Carroll, J.P., Kirwan, G.M. & Boesman, P. (2020). Spotted Wood-quail (Odontophorus guttatus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 24 February 2020).