Family Wrens (Troglodytidae)

Least Concern

Spotted Wren (Campylorhynchus gularis)


Taxonomy

French: Troglodyte tacheté German: Bartzaunkönig Spanish: Cucarachero manchado
Taxonomy:

Campylorhynchus gularis

P. L. Sclater

, 1861,

Bolaños, Jalisco, Mexico

.

Sometimes treated as conspecific with C. jocosus, but they are quite distinct in appearance, probably occupy slightly different ecological niches, and molecular data reject very close relationship#R. Considerable individual variation in some characters (e.g. degree of spotting on underparts), but differences appear insufficiently constant to warrant separation of distinct races. Monotypic.

Distribution:

Mexico, in two disjunct populations separated by unsuitable habitat: in W, from SE Sonora S to W México and W Morelos; in E, from S Nuevo León#R, SW Tamaulipas and C San Luis Potosí S to Hidalgo.

Descriptive notes

17 cm; 28·3–31·0 g. Has whitish supercilium, brown lores and eyestripe, buffish-white ear-coverts; crown chestnut-brown, shoulders and back rufescent brown marked with... read more

Voice

Song a series of harsh churring notes, or a series of unmusical gurgling phrases. Call a gruff “... read more

Habitat

Varied. Oak and pine-oak (Pinus-Quercus) woodland, usually of a fairly dry nature... read more

Food and feeding

Little information. Diet mostly invertebrates, but some vegetable matter such as cactus seeds taken. Has been seen to take small lizards.... read more

Breeding

Largely unknown. Nests in Sonora in Jun. Nest domed, with side entrance; one in Sonora was located on underside of dead palm frond. Two... read more

Movements

Apparently sedentary.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Abundance varies; quite sparse and uncommon in some areas, and very common in suitable habitat in others.

Recommended citation

Kroodsma, D., Brewer, D. & de Juana, E. (2019). Spotted Wren (Campylorhynchus gularis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/58093 on 20 August 2019).