“Dense woods of the Ghauts [sic]” = Mahabaleshwar, India.
In the past treated as conspecific with H. leucocephalus, but differs from geographically (and morphologically) closest forms H. l. psaroides and H. l. nigrescens in its lack of black submoustachial area (3); darker, browner-grey plumage (1); less crested appearance (2); unforked tail (2); and somewhat different voice, with purer overslurred notes (1), many pure downslurred notes (1) and no melodious song phrases (ns[1–2])#R. Morphological distinctions between nominate race and humii minor (suggestion of noticeable size difference in body and bill in HBW poorly supported by specimen evidence), but in voice humii has mainly unmusical short phrases with many notes rather burry or guttural (3). Two subspecies recognized.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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