Family Hornbills (Bucerotidae)

Least Concern

Sri Lanka Grey Hornbill (Ocyceros gingalensis)


French: Calao de Ceylan German: Ceylontoko Spanish: Cálao gris cingalés

Buceros Gingalensis


, 1811,

Colombo, Sri Lanka


Close to O. griseus (which see), and often treated as conspecific. Monotypic.


Sri Lanka.

Descriptive notes

45 cm; male 238 g. Small grey hornbill with thin pale streaks on head, white tips to primaries and white outer tail; circular nostrils. Male has creamy bill with dusky base;... read more


A series of trogon-like clucks, gradually accelerating and bursting into a rather hoarse ‘laughter... read more


Evergreen forest and deciduous woodland, especially areas with dense creepers; also found in... read more

Food and feeding

Mainly fruit, especially small figs, but also variety of wild and cultivated species; also insects, frogs, lizards, scorpions. Forages... read more


Little known. Lays in Mar–Jul, peak May, but sometimes lays as late as Oct. Nest in natural cavity 2–21 m up in tree, or in old... read more


Seasonal post-breeding movement in Sept–Oct, from lowland forest into hills for non-breeding... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Restricted-range species: present in Sri Lanka EBA. Common resident in moister lowland forest, more local elsewhere. Occurs in several small reserves... read more

Recommended citation

Kemp, A.C. & Boesman, P. (2019). Sri Lanka Grey Hornbill (Ocyceros gingalensis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 21 July 2019).