Family Pheasants, Partridges, Turkeys, Grouse (Phasianidae)

Least Concern

Sri Lanka Junglefowl (Gallus lafayettii)


Taxonomy

French: Coq de Lafayette German: Ceylonhuhn Spanish: Gallo de Ceilán
Other common names: Ceylon Junglefowl
Taxonomy:

Gallus Lafayetii

Lesson

, 1831,

India; error = Sri Lanka

.

Spelling of scientific name emended, as vernacular name “Coq Lafayette” in original description implies a lapsus. Closely related to G. gallus and G. sonneratii. Proposed race xanthimaculatus (from dry N province) not currently accepted. Monotypic.

Distribution:

Sri Lanka.

Descriptive notes

Male 66–72 cm, 790–1140 g; female c. 35 cm, 510–625 g. Compared to G. gallus, wattles and combs are less developed in both sexes, and has red legs... read more

Voice

Territorial call a short, emphatic and deliberately-spaced, raucous crowing phrase comprising three... read more

Habitat

Coastal scrub to mountain forest, from sea-level up to 2300 m, probably favouring dry forest, but... read more

Food and feeding

Eight birds shot in Mar had wide variety of food remains in gut, including grass seeds, seed pods, berries and flower petals, scarab... read more

Breeding

Eggs apparently found in all months, with Feb–May most usual; in N Sri Lanka, Feb–Aug; in E, at Batticaloa, Feb–Oct.... read more

Movements

Believed to be sedentary, although fruiting Strobilanthes apparently attracts birds from a... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Mace Lande: safe. No recent information on status. Apparently tolerates human disturbance and habitat degradation well. Species has... read more

Recommended citation

McGowan, P.J.K., Kirwan, G.M. & Boesman, P. (2017). Sri Lanka Junglefowl (Gallus lafayettii). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/53487 on 18 December 2017).