Family Typical Antbirds (Thamnophilidae)

Least Concern

Star-throated Antwren (Rhopias gularis)


French: Myrmidon à gorge étoilée German: Perlenkehl-Ameisenschlüpfer Spanish: Hormiguerito gorjipinto

Thamnophilus gularis


, 1825,

no locality = Rio de Janeiro, Brazil


In past, often placed with the Epinecrophylla haematonota group (the “stipple-throated antwren assemblage”, itself formerly included in Myrmotherula) mainly because of its dotted throat, but that link was undermined by finding of a cup nest (rather than globular). Recent genetic and morphological analysis#R indicates present species is not close to any of those species, but is probably sister to Dichrozona and also to Thamnomanes and some other antshrike genera; in addition, its behaviour suggests that it may be related to recently erected genus Isleria (also previously part of Myrmotherula). Monotypic.


SE Brazil in coastal region from SE Bahia S to Santa Catarina and NE Rio Grande do Sul#R, extending inland in S to W Paraná.

Descriptive notes

8·5–9·5 cm; 10–12 g. Male has forehead greyish, crown, upperparts, remiges and tail rufous-brown; hidden white interscapular patch; wing-coverts... read more


Loudsong a short (e.g. eight notes, 2·4 seconds), evenly paced, countable series of harsh... read more


Understorey of evergreen forest, to 1550 m; in most areas found above 300 m, but occurs down to... read more

Food and feeding

Little published. Feeds on a variety of small insects, including crickets (Gryllidae), grasshoppers (Acrididae), hemipterans, and... read more


Three previously unpublished nests, found in Nov in São Paulo, Paraná and Santa Catarina, were sited 0·6–1... read more


Presumed resident.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Restricted-range species: present in Atlantic Forest Lowlands EBA. Generally uncommon. No recent records from W Paraná and N... read more

Recommended citation

Zimmer, K., Isler, M.L. & Kirwan, G.M. (2020). Star-throated Antwren (Rhopias gularis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 26 February 2020).