Family Sandpipers, Snipes, Phalaropes (Scolopacidae)

Least Concern

Stilt Sandpiper (Calidris himantopus)


French: Bécasseau à échasses German: Bindenstrandläufer Spanish: Correlimos zancolín

Tringa himantopus


, 1826,

Long Branch, New Jersey, USA


Hitherto usually placed in monotypic genus, Micropalama, but occasionally included in present genus; recent study supports its treatment within Calidris#R (see also under Tribe Calidrini). Monotypic.


N Alaska E to S Victoria I; W & S Hudson Bay. Winters from S USA to South America, mainly from Bolivia and SC Brazil to N Argentina (S to Buenos Aires).

Descriptive notes

18–23 cm; 42–103·5 g; wingspan 38–47 cm. Medium-sized wader resembling other Calidris, but with long, slightly decurved bill and long legs... read more


Various calls heard during nesting period. The song has been rendered “xxree-xxree-xxree-xxree-ee-... read more


Breeds mainly in subarctic, on sedge tundra near water, moist tundra with willow growth and high,... read more

Food and feeding

Adults and larvae of aquatic and terrestrial beetles, adult Diptera, other larval insects, snails and also seeds; young birds often eat... read more


Lays early Jun in Victoria (Northwest Territories) and at Churchill (Manitoba) overall range of laying dates generally early Jun to mid Jul... read more


Migrates through interior North and Central America to C South America, but during autumn also S... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Total population previously estimated at 50,000–100,000 birds, but at 200,000 individuals at start of present century and even... read more

Recommended citation

Van Gils, J., Wiersma, P. & Kirwan, G.M. (2020). Stilt Sandpiper (Calidris himantopus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 21 February 2020).