Family Swallows and Martins (Hirundinidae)

Least Concern

Streak-throated Swallow (Petrochelidon fluvicola)


French: Hirondelle fluviatile German: Braunscheitelschwalbe Spanish: Golondrina india

Hirundo fluvicola


, 1855,

Somar and Kane Rivers, Bundelkund, northern Madhya Pradesh, India


Sometimes considered conspecific with P. ariel. Monotypic.


Summer visitor to NE Afghanistan and NW Himalayas. Resident in C & E Pakistan (mainly R Indus Plain) and N & C India (E to W Assam, S to S Karnataka). Winter records farther S#R.

Descriptive notes

11–12 cm; 8–12 g. Has forehead, crown and nape dull chestnut with faint dark streaks, back glossy deep blue with few narrow whitish streaks, rump pale brown;... read more


Song is a twittering; also a sharp “trr trr”.


Open country, foothills, cultivation, and human habitations, including towns; often near water,... read more

Food and feeding

Diet includes flies (Diptera). Forages in flocks; joins other hirundines. Flight weak, fluttery.


Varies locally; mainly Mar–Jun in N and Dec–Apr and Jul–Oct in S; peaks Mar–Apr and also Jul–Oct in Pakistan... read more


Mainly resident; some post-breeding movements, especially to lower altitudes, e.g. winter visitor... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Common in Pakistan, locally common in India. Has probably benefited from increased availability of artificial nest-sites associated... read more

Recommended citation

Turner, A. (2020). Streak-throated Swallow (Petrochelidon fluvicola). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 26 February 2020).