Family Swallows and Martins (Hirundinidae)

Least Concern

Streak-throated Swallow (Petrochelidon fluvicola)


Taxonomy

French: Hirondelle fluviatile German: Braunscheitelschwalbe Spanish: Golondrina india
Taxonomy:

Hirundo fluvicola

Blyth

, 1855,

Somar and Kane Rivers, Bundelkund, northern Madhya Pradesh, India

.

Sometimes considered conspecific with P. ariel. Monotypic.

Distribution:

Summer visitor to NE Afghanistan and NW Himalayas. Resident in C & E Pakistan (mainly R Indus Plain) and N & C India (E to W Assam, S to S Karnataka). Winter records farther S#R.

Descriptive notes

11–12 cm; 8–12 g. Has forehead, crown and nape dull chestnut with faint dark streaks, back glossy deep blue with few narrow whitish streaks, rump pale brown;... read more

Voice

Song is a twittering; also a sharp “trr trr”.

Habitat

Open country, foothills, cultivation, and human habitations, including towns; often near water,... read more

Food and feeding

Diet includes flies (Diptera). Forages in flocks; joins other hirundines. Flight weak, fluttery.

Breeding

Varies locally; mainly Mar–Jun in N and Dec–Apr and Jul–Oct in S; peaks Mar–Apr and also Jul–Oct in Pakistan... read more

Movements

Mainly resident; some post-breeding movements, especially to lower altitudes, e.g. winter visitor... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Common in Pakistan, locally common in India. Has probably benefited from increased availability of artificial nest-sites associated... read more

Recommended citation

Turner, A. (2018). Streak-throated Swallow (Petrochelidon fluvicola). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/57761 on 11 December 2018).