Family Woodpeckers (Picidae)

Least Concern

Streak-throated Woodpecker (Picus xanthopygaeus)


French: Pic striolé German: Hindugrünspecht Spanish: Pito culigualdo

Brachylophus xanthopygæus

J. E. Gray and G. R. Gray

, 1846,

Himalayas and central India


Species name sometimes erroneously given as P. myrmecophoneus, a junior synonym. Closest relatives appear to be P. rabieri, P. vittatus and P. viridanus#R. Monotypic.


N & peninsular India and lower foothills of Himalayas in S Nepal E to Myanmar and S China (W Yunnan), and S to Sri Lanka, N & W Thailand and Tenasserim; also Cambodia, S Laos and S Vietnam (Cochinchina).

Descriptive notes

30 cm; 83–111 g. Male has red forehead to hindcrown and crest with variable amount of black at borders, thin white supercilium, greyish ear-coverts streaked brownish,... read more


Sharp single “queemp” and drumming the only acoustic signals reported.


Open deciduous forest, dry dipterocarp forest, also semi-evergreen, sal (Shorea) and mixed... read more

Food and feeding

Ants, termites (Isoptera) and other small insect larvae; flower nectar and seeds also taken. Generally solitary. Forages frequently on... read more


Jan–May in India, Apr–Sept in Sri Lanka, and Mar–May in SE Asia. Nest-hole excavated by both sexes, sometimes very low (0... read more



Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Fairly common in much of Indian Subcontinent, but rare and local in Bhutan, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka; uncommon to scarce in Myanmar and Thailand,... read more

Recommended citation

Winkler, H. & Christie, D.A. (2019). Streak-throated Woodpecker (Picus xanthopygaeus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 8 December 2019).