Family Petrels, Shearwaters (Procellariidae)

Near Threatened

Streaked Shearwater (Calonectris leucomelas)


French: Puffin leucomèle German: Weißgesicht-Sturmtaucher Spanish: Pardela canosa

Procellaria leucomelas


, 1836,

seas of Japan and Nagasaki Bay


Sometimes placed in genus Procellaria. Monotypic.


W Pacific Ocean and E Indian Ocean, breeding in NE Japan, Izu Is and Ryukyu Is to Pescadores Is (off W Taiwan); also on islands off SE Russian Far East#R, E China and Korea.

Descriptive notes

45–52 cm; 440–545 g; wingspan 103–122 cm. Large brownish shearwater with mostly white underparts, mottled head and rather large, pale bill. Head... read more


Vocal at colonies, where calls loudly and frequently both on ground and in flight, with evidence... read more


Marine and partly pelagic, also occurring over inshore waters. Typically breeds on offshore islands... read more

Food and feeding

Mainly fish and squid. Birds rearing chicks on Mikura I, Japan, made many short trips (< 2 days) and some long ones (4–10 days);... read more


Starts Mar and ends in Nov, with pre-laying exodus of 13–17 days (females) or 4–7 days (males), egg-laying commencing in May... read more


During breeding season is generally concentrated in seas around Japan and off Korea, but overall... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Currently considered Near Threatened. Abundant and widespread, with total population of several million birds; well over 1,000,000 pairs in Japan, of... read more

Recommended citation

Carboneras, C., Jutglar, F., de Juana, E., Kirwan, G.M. & Sharpe, C.J. (2020). Streaked Shearwater (Calonectris leucomelas). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 26 February 2020).