Probably closest to C. campanisona and C. meruloides. Race fulvipectus differs vocally from others: although structurally and tonally very similar (in two parts, first an accelerating series of notes, second a slow even series of notes), song is much shorter, lacking the long-drawn fast “bubbling” series at end of first part. Racial identity of birds from EC Amazonian Brazil (R Purus E to R Madeira) uncertain; further study needed. Three subspecies recognized.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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