Family Pardalotes (Pardalotidae)

Least Concern

Striated Pardalote (Pardalotus striatus)


Taxonomy

French: Pardalote à point jaune German: Streifenpanthervogel Spanish: Pardalote estriado
Taxonomy:

Pipra striata

J. F. Gmelin

, 1789,

“in America australi”; error = Adventure Bay, Tasmania

.

Geographical variation in plumage patterning complex, and has led to various taxonomic treatments. At times, nominate race, substriatus and ornatus treated as three separate species, with N races uropygialis, melvillensis and melanocephalus combined as a fourth species; further, uropygialis has sometimes been proposed as a separate species on its own. Treatment of all races as representatives of a single variable species now considered more appropriate, as substantial evidence exists of interbreeding and intermediates where races come into contact; moreover, differences among taxa, while marked, are not sufficiently strong to separate one from all others. Other proposed races include bowensis (CE Queensland) and barroni (Cairns, N Queensland), included in melanocephalus; and restrictus (Jardine R, in N Queensland), included in uropygialis. Six subspecies currently recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • P. s. uropygialis Gould, 1840 – N Western Australia E to N Queensland (Cape York Peninsula).
  • P. s. melvillensis Mathews, 1912 – Tiwi Is (off Northern Territory), in N Australia.
  • P. s. melanocephalus Gould, 1838 – Black-headed Pardalote – NE Australia from NC Queensland (foot of Cape York Peninsula) S to NE New South Wales.
  • P. s. substriatus Mathews, 1912 – Striated Pardalote – much of W & C Australia (except N parts, deserts and Nullarbor Plain); Kangaroo I, off SE South Australia.
  • P. s. ornatus Temminck, 1826 – Eastern Pardalote – SE Australia.
  • P. s. striatus (J. F. Gmelin, 1789) – Yellow-tipped Pardalote – Bass Strait islands and Tasmania; non-breeding E & SE Australia.
  • Descriptive notes

    9–12 cm; 9–15 g. Tiny, attractively patterned passerine with short square-cut tail and short deep bill. Nominate race has cap, nape, loral stripe and ear-coverts... read more

    Voice

    Loud song of 2–7 notes, most typically “wit-e-chu” or “wit-wit”, with... read more

    Habitat

    Wide range of eucalypt (Eucalyptus) formations, varying from tall open forests with canopy... read more

    Food and feeding

    Food predominantly invertebrates, especially lerps (the carbohydrate-rich cover of some psyllid insects); in some areas, also takes the... read more

    Breeding

    Recorded in all months, typically Aug–Dec in temperate S Australia; two broods per season possibly normal, but proportion of pairs... read more

    Movements

    Movement patterns not well known, and probably vary across range. Tasmanian population (nominate... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Generally common throughout range; can be hard to locate, and often detected more readily from call than by direct observation. Reported densities of... read more

    Recommended citation

    Woinarski, J. (2018). Striated Pardalote (Pardalotus striatus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/60159 on 18 December 2018).