J. F. Gmelin, 1789,
north-eastern Brazil = Ceará.
See T. argentea. Hitherto treated as conspecific with T. cayana, but differs in its black throat, central breast and central belly (3); rich tan vs blue-grey-tinged buffy flanks (2); and paler tan crown and darker burnished-buff mantle and back, producing far less contrast between the two (2); female, conversely, less strongly defined than female T. cayana, with a duller, dirtier rufous crown and a much weaker dark “face”. Race huberi apparently intermediate but may represent a hybrid or hybrid population, and need not be considered an obstacle to the separation of the very distinct present species, to which huberi is here tentatively assigned. Five subspecies recognized.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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