no locality = San José, western Colombia.
Usually considered conspecific with P. torquatus and P. erythropygius, but differs from former in its long black line above cutting edge of upper mandible, with yellow tip of upper and (usually) lower mandible (3); 8–9 rather shallow (vs 5–7 relatively pronounced) tomial teeth (2); lack of narrow chestnut nuchal collar (2); narrow hybrid zone with both P. t. torquatus in E Panama and NW Colombia and P. t. nuchalis in N Colombia (2). For differences from P. erythropygius see that species. Monotypic.
E Panama and N & NW Colombia S to NW Ecuador.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
Only subscribers are able to see the bibliography. Login or Subscribe to get access to a lot of extra features!