Family New World Warblers (Parulidae)

Least Concern

Stripe-crowned Warbler (Basileuterus culicivorus)


French: Paruline à calotte rayée German: Goldhähnchen-Waldsänger Spanish: Reinita coroniestriada

Sylvia culicivora

W. Deppe

, 1830,

Jalapa, Veracruz, Mexico


The B. culicivorus species group is sister to both B. trifasciatus and B. tristriatus#R. Closely related to B. hypoleucus, and it has recently been suggested that the latter is either an incipient species or reflects a polymorphism within present species#R; nevertheless, other genetic data indicate a period of separation equal to or longer than several well-recognized species of Basileuterus and Myiothlypis#R; has hybridized with B. hypoleucus. Hitherto treated as conspecific with B. cabanisi and B. auricapilla. Birds from Oaxaca (S Mexico) sometimes separated as race ridgwayi. Name brasierii has often been emended to brasherii#R, to match name of dedicatee, Philip Brasher; but original description includes only spellings Brasier and Brazier, and current spelling must stand. Four subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • B. c. brasierii (Giraud, 1841) – Gulf slope of Mexico from Nuevo León and Tamaulipas S to Hidalgo and N Veracruz.
  • B. c. flavescens Ridgway, 1902 – W Mexico (Nayarit and Jalisco).
  • B. c. culicivorus (W. Deppe, 1830) – E & S Mexico (NE Puebla, C Veracruz) S to N Costa Rica.
  • B. c. godmani Berlepsch, 1888 – C Costa Rica S to W Panama (Veraguas).
  • Descriptive notes

    12·5 cm; mean 9·1 g. Nominate race has central crownstripe yellow to pale orange-rufous (feathers may be tipped olive in fresh plumage), bordered laterally with blackish grey... read more


    Song a variable series of 3–6 musical whistled “wee” notes, becoming gradually louder forming a... read more


    Inhabits humid submontane forest and forest edge; also well-developed second growth where dense... read more

    Food and feeding

    Feeds mainly on insects and other arthropods; sometimes takes berries. Forages mainly by gleaning at low to middle levels up to c. 7 m... read more


    Eggs laid in early Apr in Costa Rica (one nest) and Jun in SE Mexico (also one nest). Nest a dome-shaped structure c. 140 mm in diameter... read more


    Generally sedentary. N race brasierii has occurred as vagrant in lower Rio Grande Valley... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Fairly common to common throughout its range, being locally one of the most numerous forest bird species. No population estimates... read more

    Recommended citation

    Curson, J. & Kirwan, G.M. (2019). Stripe-crowned Warbler (Basileuterus culicivorus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 22 September 2019).