Family Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Least Concern

Stripe-tailed Hummingbird (Eupherusa eximia)


French: Colibri à épaulettes German: Streifenschwanzkolibri Spanish: Colibrí colirrayado

Ornismya eximia


, 1843,

Cobán, Guatemala


Closely related to E. cyanophrys and E. poliocerca. Three subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • E. e. nelsoni Ridgway, 1910 – E Mexico (SW Veracruz, N Oaxaca).
  • E. e. eximia (DeLattre, 1843) – extreme E Mexico (Chiapas) S through highlands to C Nicaragua.
  • E. e. egregia P. L. Sclater & Salvin, 1868 – highlands of Costa Rica and W Panama.
  • Descriptive notes

    9–10·5 cm; male 4·7 g, female 4·1 g. Bill black, feet dusky flesh-coloured. Male of nominate race bronzy green above, glittering green below,... read more


    Song a long series of 1–3 squeaky or metallic notes, followed by a lower-pitched, dry insect-like... read more


    Canopy, mid-levels and borders of cool, wet highland forest, descending to shrub level in gaps,... read more

    Food and feeding

    Visits flowers of a variety of trees, including Inga and Clusia, shrubs, especially Acanthaceae and Rubiaceae, also ... read more


    Late wet into dry season, Sept–Mar or Apr in Costa Rica; Apr–Jun in Oaxaca, Mexico. Nest a neat cup of pale-coloured plant down... read more


    In Costa Rica and probably Panama often descends to lower elevations, locally down to 250–300... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). CITES II. Locally uncommon to common over most of range, where deforestation has not been severe. Regularly recorded in the Mayan... read more

    Recommended citation

    Stiles, F.G. & Boesman, P. (2019). Stripe-tailed Hummingbird (Eupherusa eximia). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 16 December 2019).