French: Sicale citrin German: Zitronengilbtangare Spanish: Chirigüe citrino
Jaguaraíba, Paraná, Brazil
Subspecies and Distribution
S. c. browni
Bangs, 1898 – W & N Colombia (Santa Marta, Antioquia, Cauca, Santander, Norte de Santander and Cundinamarca), Venezuela (Sierra de Perijá, Coastal Range, Trujillo, Mt Duida and tepuis of Bolívar and Amazonas) and adjacent tepui region of Guyana, Suriname and N Brazil (locally E to Amapá).
S. c. occidentalis
Carriker, 1932 – SE Peru (Puno) and NW Argentina (Salta, Tucumán and E La Rioja).
S. c. citrina
Pelzeln, 1870 – E Brazil (S Pará, Goiás and Piauí S to E Mato Grosso and Paraná).
11 cm; 10·7–12·9 g. A small, stocky and compact yellow-finch with relatively short and deep bill; head often looks squarish in shape. Male nominate race has head mostly plain... read more
In much of range, male song, given from perch and in flight display, begins with a series of... read more
Various types of grassy and open habitats. Grasslands and savanna, including highland grasslands in... read more
Food and feeding
Diet a mix of seeds and arthropods, latter mostly during breeding season. Seems especially attracted to seeding grasses, and will cling to... read more
In E Brazil breeding begins after start of rainy season (Dec–May), most often Jan–Mar; in N Colombia, birds in reproductive condition in... read more
No information; possibly somewhat nomadic.
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Uncommon to fairly common, and very local. Very patchily distributed, but occurs over huge range and, unusually when range so fragmented, at wide... read more
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