Family New World Blackbirds (Icteridae)

Least Concern

Subtropical Cacique (Cacicus uropygialis)


French: Cassique à dos rouge German: Zinnoberbürzelkassike Spanish: Cacique subtropical

Cassicus uropygialis


, 1843,

Bogotá, Colombia


Sometimes regarded as conspecific with C. microrhynchus, but differs vocally and morphologically; also hitherto with C. pacificus (which see). Monotypic.


Sierra de Perijá, and Andes from W Venezuela (Táchira) and Colombia (all three cordilleras) S on E slopes to Peru; record from NW Bolivia (La Paz) questioned#R.

Descriptive notes

Male 28–30·5 cm, 70–119·1 g; female 25–25·5 cm, 79·8 g. Rather long-tailed cacique with long, slightly decurved bill. Male is mostly jet-black with slight bluish gloss, and... read more


Song described as a series of whistles. Has variety of calls, one consisting of a three-part warble... read more


Humid subtropical montane forest, also forest edges and adjacent clearings; at 9000–2450 m, but... read more

Food and feeding

Insects and other arthropods; also fruit and nectar (destroying flowers in process), and known to take Cecropia fruits. Forages up... read more


Season perhaps Mar–May in Colombia; in breeding condition in Jun in E Peru. Reported as nesting in small colonies of up to 12 bag-... read more


No information. Possibly some altitudinal or other seasonal movements, following available food... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Common to locally abundant. Has apparently extensive geographical range. The sole record from Bolivia is now considered erroneous. read more

Recommended citation

Fraga, R., de Juana, E. & Kirwan, G.M. (2019). Subtropical Cacique (Cacicus uropygialis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 11 December 2019).