E. J. O. Hartert, 1900,
Los Palmales, and Rincón de San Antonio, Sucre, Venezuela.
Recently split#R from G. nana on basis of distinctive vocalizations (song and call) and minor plumage differences. Tepui population named kukenamensis here considered to belong with G. nana (see below), but more research needed. Two subspecies recognized.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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