Family Hawks, Eagles (Accipitridae)

Least Concern

Sulawesi Hawk-eagle (Nisaetus lanceolatus)


French: Aigle des Célèbes German: Celebeshaubenadler Spanish: Águila de Célebes

Spizaëtos [sic] lanceolatus

Temminck and Schlegel

, 1844,



Traditionally thought to form a species-group with N. nipalensis, N. bartelsi, N. alboniger (with N. nanus) and N. philippensis (with N. pinskeri). Recent genetic data, however, suggested that present species and N. philippensis (with N. pinskeri) are closer to N. cirrhatus#R. Monotypic.


Sulawesi and offshore islands of Muna and Butung; Banggai Is (Peleng, Labobo) and Sula Is.

Descriptive notes

56–64 cm; wingspan 110–135 cm. Medium-sized, boldly marked hawk-eagle, without crest, and has fairly short, broad, round-tipped wings, and longish, round-tipped... read more


Apparently undescribed in the literature, but gives a slightly rising but measured series of harsh... read more


Primary and old secondary forest with open areas, from sea level to over 2000 m, although suspected... read more

Food and feeding

Few data available. Probably takes small to medium-sized birds and mammals, with some snakes and lizards; also said to take domestic fowl.... read more


No special aerial displays reported. One nest in Aug, and season thought to be May–Aug, based on fledged young also seen in latter... read more


Sedentary, although juvenile dispersal between islands possible.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). CITES II. Formerly considered Near Threatened. Generally uncommon and local, and may number fewer than 10,000 individuals; status... read more

Recommended citation

Clark, W.S. & Kirwan, G.M. (2020). Sulawesi Hawk-eagle (Nisaetus lanceolatus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 24 February 2020).