Menado, north Sulawesi.
Sometimes treated as conspecific with M. wakoloensis and M. boiei, and all three formerly considered conspecific with M. sanguinolenta. Hitherto treated as conspecific with M. batjanensis (which see). Newly discovered Obi population#R may belong with present species or with M. batjanensis, or may represent a separate species#R. Birds on Taliabu (Sula Is) here included in nominate, but appear to represent an as yet undescribed taxon#R, perhaps a distinct species#R; a further undescribed population on nearby Peleng I, currently placed in nominate, may merit treatment as an endemic race or (perhaps unlikely) prove to be more closely related to Taliabu population#R#R; further study needed. Race eva sometimes merged with juga#R. Proposed race charlottae (Latimodjong Mts, in C Sulawesi) inseparable from nominate. Three subspecies currently recognized.
Recently found on Obi (taxonomic identity unclear)#R.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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