Family Sandpipers, Snipes, Phalaropes (Scolopacidae)

Near Threatened

Sulawesi Woodcock (Scolopax celebensis)


French: Bécasse des Célèbes German: Celebesschnepfe Spanish: Chocha de Célebes

Scolopax celebensis


, 1921,

Rano Rano, Sulawesi


Closely related to S. rochussenii, with which sometimes considered conspecific. Race heinrichi based on somewhat smaller bill of only three specimens, but considered diagnosable#R. Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • S. c. heinrichi Stresemann, 1932 – mountains of NE Sulawesi.
  • S. c. celebensis Riley, 1921 – mountains of C Sulawesi.
  • Descriptive notes

    30–35 cm. Large woodcock with shortish, rounded wings; upperparts blackish with red-brown markings; underparts almost unbarred ochre-buff. Pattern somewhat similar to... read more


    Makes short flights over treetops at dusk, but vocalizations are unknown.


    Dense, mature and relatively undisturbed montane forest at 1100–2500 m; hides in thick... read more

    Food and feeding

    Feeds in wet spots; has been seen in puddles of water in hollows made by wild pigs.


    No information available.


    Apparently sedentery.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Currently considered Near Threatened. Very poorly known with few recent records; no precise information available; inconspicuous so infrequently... read more

    Recommended citation

    Van Gils, J. & Wiersma, P. (2020). Sulawesi Woodcock (Scolopax celebensis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 26 February 2020).