P. L. Sclater, 1859,
Orizaba, Veracruz, Mexico.
Analyses of plumage/syringeal morphology and molecular data suggest that present species is sister to M. maculatus (with solitarius), and that the two are sister-group to a clade consisting of M. hemichrysus and M. chrysocephalus. Specimens S from Guatemala apparently have smaller bill and heavier streaking on chest and throat than birds from Mexico, but differences are too inconstant to warrant subspecific separation. Monotypic.
SW USA (mountains in S Arizona), Mexico (S on both slopes from Sonora, E Nuevo León and Tamaulipas), Guatemala and Belize S to Costa Rica. Winters in E Ecuador, E Peru, extreme W Brazil (along R Juruá, in Acre) and Bolivia (S to Cochabamba and W Santa Cruz).
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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