Family Parrots (Psittacidae)

Least Concern

Sulphur-breasted Parakeet (Aratinga maculata)


French: Conure de Pinto German: Schwefelbrustsittich Spanish: Aratinga pechisulfúrea

Psittacus maculatus

Statius Müller

, 1776,

Monte Alegre, Pará, Brazil


See under A. solstitialis. Described in 2005 under name of Aratinga pintoi#R, but it was later shown that the present name, long considered invalid, in fact applies to this form, and therefore takes priority#R; holotype of A. pintoi has now been designated as neotype of Psittacus maculatus, thus formally stabilizing synonymy. Species was long misidentified as juvenile of A. solstitialis or a hybrid between latter and A. jandaya; now generally recognized as a separate taxon, differing on account of greatly reduced reddish-orange on face (where it forms an irregular mask), breast and belly (3); pale yellow vs golden-yellow body plumage (2); yellow-suffused green vs bright yellow lesser and median upperwing-coverts (2); greener, less yellow undertail-coverts (ns[1]); differently plumaged juveniles (ns); slightly shorter wing (from published data on males#R effect size −0.95, score 1). Monotypic.


N Brazil from R Maicuru E to R Paru (on N bank of lower R Amazon in Pará); also Sipaliwini Savanna, in S Suriname.

Descriptive notes

c. 30 cm; 110 g. A very yellow parakeet. Has pale greenish-yellow crown to mantle and upperwing-coverts, with green feather centres; lesser upperwing-coverts pale yellow,... read more


A high-pitched shrill screech of 2–3 notes, “screek screek screek”, like that of... read more


Inhabits open areas with sandy soils and scattered small trees and bushes (lavrados). Will... read more

Food and feeding

Diet of fruit and seeds of Guateria sp. (Annonaceae), Dalechampia sp. (Euphorbiaceae), Byrsonima sp. (... read more


A nest with one white egg found in a 25-m tall Hymenaea intermedia tree in early Sept, with the nest-hole c. 10 m above ground,... read more


Resident; some local movements.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Fairly common at Monte Alegre, where, apparently, there is no strong trapping pressure. Also fairly common in Sipaliwini Savanna... read more

Recommended citation

Fjeldså, J., Kirwan, G.M., Boesman, P. & Sharpe, C.J. (2019). Sulphur-breasted Parakeet (Aratinga maculata). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 11 December 2019).