Family Tits and Chickadees (Paridae)

Least Concern

Sultan Tit (Melanochlora sultanea)


Taxonomy

French: Mésange sultane German: Sultansmeise Spanish: Carbonero sultán
Taxonomy:

Parus sultaneus

Hodgson

, 1837,

Nepal

.

Black-crested race gayeti (originally described as a species) merits study, e.g. of its vocalizations (current sample very small)#R. Four subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • M. s. sultanea (Hodgson, 1837) – Common Sultan Tit – E Himalayas from C Nepal to NE India (Arunachal Pradesh S to Manipur and Mizoram), Myanmar, N Thailand and S China (W & S Yunnan).
  • M. s. flavocristata (Lafresnaye, 1837) – C & S Thailand, Malay Peninsula and SE China (Hainan); possibly also Sumatra where status unknown#R.
  • M. s. seorsa Bangs, 1924 – N Indochina (S to C Laos) and SE China (Guangxi, Fujian).
  • M. s. gayeti Delacour & Jabouille, 1925 – Annam Sultan Tit – SC Vietnam (C Annam) and apparently S Laos.
  • Descriptive notes

    20–21 cm; 35–49 g. Largest member of family; strikingly black and yellow, with long bright yellow (or black) floppy crest, long and slightly graduated tail. Male... read more

    Voice

    Generally fairly vocal. Calls include flat but stony or rattling “chi-dip, tri-trip” or... read more

    Habitat

    Edges of lowland and submontane (also lower montane) deciduous, mixed deciduous and evergreen... read more

    Food and feeding

    Diet chiefly small invertebrates and larvae, principally grasshoppers and crickets (Orthoptera), mantises (Mantidae) and spiders (Araneae... read more

    Breeding

    Poorly known. Season Mar–Jul. Few nests described, composed mostly of grass, green moss, plant down and fibres, leaves and animal... read more

    Movements

    Resident, with some short-distance dispersal; in NE India, non-breeding visitor in foothills in... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Fairly common in Bhutan and E Himalayas, and rare in W Himalayas, Nepal and Sikkim; local and uncommon in S China, and on Hainan... read more

    Recommended citation

    Gosler, A. & Clement, P. (2018). Sultan Tit (Melanochlora sultanea). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/59913 on 17 November 2018).