Family Woodpeckers (Picidae)

Near Threatened

Sumatran Woodpecker (Picus dedemi)


French: Pic de Dedem German: Sumatragrauspecht Spanish: Pito de Sumatra

Gecinus dedemi

van Oort

, 1911,

Volcano Sibayak, 1450 m, Batak Highlands, north-eastern Sumatra


Hitherto considered conspecific with P. canus and P. guerini, but differs from P. g. robinsoni (geographically and morphologically closest form) in its bronzy-red vs dull green upperparts and breast (3); brilliant red vs shining green rump (3); bronzy-black vs dull green mid-belly shading to blackish vs green on belly and vent (2). Monotypic.


Highlands of Sumatra.

Descriptive notes

26–30 cm. A highly distinctive, dark-coloured woodpecker. Male has forehead to nape unstreaked black, small red forecrown patch; rest of head grey, paler moustachial and... read more


Poorly known. Drums frequently.


Upper montane forest, between c. 1000 m and 2000 m; has been recorded at 2300 m on Mt Dempo. May at... read more

Food and feeding

Little information. Feeds on small invertebrates, mostly ants and the like; some fruit also taken. Usually solitary outside breeding season... read more


No information available.


Apparently sedentary.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Currently considered Near Threatened. Confied to mountains of Sumatra, where rare to very rare. Global population size not yet quantified. Since the... read more

Recommended citation

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N. & Christie, D.A. (2019). Sumatran Woodpecker (Picus dedemi). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 12 December 2019).