Family Buttonquails (Turnicidae)


Sumba Buttonquail (Turnix everetti)


French: Turnix de Sumba German: Sumbalaufhühnchen Spanish: Torillo de Sumba

Turnix everetti

E. J. O. Hartert

, 1898,

Waingapo, Sumba


Sometimes considered conspecific with T. worcesteri; both taxa recently suggested to be merely races of T. pyrrhothorax, but this idea has received very little support; distinguished from latter by plumage and size. In the past was considered a race of T. sylvaticus. Monotypic.


Sumba (SW Lesser Sundas).

Descriptive notes

c. 14 cm; juvenile male and female 28 g; female larger. Crown black with bright ochre central stripe (much paler in male), back dark, the feathers edged and tipped white with... read more


Apparently undescribed.


Inhabits scrubby and mostly uncultivated fields mixed with grassland; sparse grassland with... read more

Food and feeding

Forages on the ground, in pairs, taking seeds and is presumably capable of taking larger items than smaller-billed T. maculosus... read more


Very little information available, but local villagers report that the species lays clutches of 2–3 eggs during dry season (Jul... read more


Unknown; no records outside normal range, but short-range seasonal movements speculated to occur in... read more

Status and conservation

VULNERABLE. Overall population speculated to number 2500–10,000 individuals within 2100 km², but is assumed to be decreasing. Little specific information available... read more

Recommended citation

Debus, S. & Kirwan, G.M. (2019). Sumba Buttonquail (Turnix everetti). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 21 August 2019).