French: Calao de Sumba German: Sumbahornvogel Spanish: Cálao de la Sumba
Other common names: Sumba Wreathed Hornbill
Sumba (W Lesser Sunda Is).
55 cm. Small, black hornbill, long all-black tail distinctive. Male head and neck dark rufous, darker on crown and nape; bill pale yellow, red near base; low wreathed casque... read more
A fast series of nasal barks “kokokokok....” at a rate of c. 8–10 notes per second.
Patches of primary deciduous forest, but extends into secondary forest and open parkland with... read more
Food and feeding
Only fruit recorded in diet, especially figs, but probably takes some small animals. Usually in pairs, but up to 15 may gather at fruiting... read more
Little known. Copulation observed in Sept, probably lays in Oct–Nov. Nest in natural cavity 10–23 m up in large live deciduous... read more
Irregular local movements between feeding and roosting sites; up to 70 birds may gather at roost. read more
Status and conservation
VULNERABLE. CITES II. Restricted to single island, on which forest habitat suitable for hornbills has declined by 60%, to c. 1732 km2 (c. 10% of island’s surface area... read more
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