French: Piranga vermillon German: Sommerkardinal Spanish: Piranga roja
South Carolina, USA
Subspecies and Distribution
P. r. cooperi
Ridgway, 1869 – SW USA (from SE California, S Nevada and C Arizona E to W Texas) and N Mexico (S to NE Baja California, Sonora, N Durango, Coahuila and C Nuevo León); winters C & S Mexico (from S Sinaloa S to Michoacán, Morelos and Guerrero).
P. r. rubra
(Linnaeus, 1758) – E USA (from SE Nebraska, S Iowa, Ohio and Delaware S to C Texas, Gulf Coast and C Florida); winters from S Mexico (Michoacán, Puebla, Veracruz and Yucatán) and West Indies (rare) S to N South America (S rarely to N Bolivia, W Brazil and SE Venezuela, occasionally the Guianas).
17–18 cm; 23·9–38·1 g (heaviest prior to migration), in boreal winter 21·6–32 g. Distinctive, with pale-looking bill, and occasionally... read more
Song a slow musical carolling of mostly 3-syllable notes, some slightly burry, and with brief but... read more
In E portion of breeding range occurs in open hardwood forest; W populations found mainly in... read more
Food and feeding
Mostly arthropods, including many bees and wasps and wasp larvae (Hymenoptera), also some fruits. In Arizona study, prey items... read more
Season May–Aug in USA. Nest built by female alone, accompanied by male, a shallow cup of dry herbaceous vegetation, lined with fine grass,... read more
Entire breeding population migratory, wintering mainly from C & S Mexico S to W Ecuador, N... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Widespread and fairly common to common breeder across USA and N Mexico. Found in numerous protected areas. Utilizes a variety of habitats, including... read more
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