French: Caurale soleil German: Sonnenralle Spanish: Tigana
north-eastern Amazonian Brazil
Subspecies and Distribution
E. h. major
Hartlaub, 1844 – Northern Sunbittern – Guatemala to W Ecuador; possibly also S Mexico.
E. h. meridionalis
Berlepsch & Stolzmann, 1902 – Foothill Sunbittern – SC Peru (Junín and Cuzco).
E. h. helias
(Pallas, 1781) – Amazonian Sunbittern – Colombia, Venezuela and the Guianas S through Amazonia to E Bolivia and C Brazil.
43–48 cm; 188·5–295 g. Unmistakable. Cryptically coloured, with straight bill, slender neck and long tail; two white lines cross blackish head; upperparts... read more
Large number of vocalizations, mainly trills (either ascending or descending, long or short, harsh... read more
Humid forests with open understorey, near water, in form of streams, rivers, ponds or lagoons; from... read more
Food and feeding
Many aquatic organisms, both invertebrate and vertebrate, including flies, moths, spiders, dragonflies, beetles, cockroaches, katydids,... read more
Nests at beginning of rainy season, when mud available to enable nest construction; late Mar in Costa Rica, early May–early Aug in... read more
Sedentary. Short displacements may occur in highly seasonal habitats where water dries up, birds... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Status poorly known, due to inconspicuous nature; no figures available for overall numbers or densities. Species widespread, but... read more
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