Family Old World Flycatchers and Chats (Muscicapidae)

Least Concern

Sunda Forktail (Enicurus velatus)


French: Énicure voilé German: Zwergscherenschwanz Spanish: Torrentero de la Sonda

Enicurus velatus


, 1822,



Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • E. v. sumatranus Robinson & Kloss, 1923 – highlands of Sumatra.
  • E. v. velatus Temminck, 1822 – highlands of Java.
  • Descriptive notes

    16 cm. Tail deeply forked but evenly graduated (“stepped”), so that white tips of overlaid black feathers appear as bands or double crescents down long black tail... read more


    A hard shrill “chee” or “hie-tie-tie”.


    Boulder-strewn rivers, margins and fast-flowing streams in hill and mountain forest; 600–2000... read more

    Food and feeding

    Water insects and their larvae, snails.


    Aug in Sumatra; Jan and Apr–Jul in W Java. Nest apparently similar to that of E. leschenaulti. Eggs 2, whitish with reddish... read more



    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Restricted-range species: present in Sumatra and Peninsular Malaysia EBA and Java and Bali Forests EBA. Common in Sumatra; much rarer in Java, where... read more

    Recommended citation

    Collar, N. (2020). Sunda Forktail (Enicurus velatus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 28 February 2020).