Family New World Warblers (Parulidae)

Least Concern

Swainson's Warbler (Limnothlypis swainsonii)


Taxonomy

French: Paruline de Swainson German: Swainsonwaldsänger Spanish: Reinita de Swainson
Taxonomy:

Sylvia Swainsonii

Audubon

, 1834,

no locality = Edisto River, near Charleston, South Carolina, USA

.

Birds breeding in Appalachians described as race alta, which is supposedly whiter below and browner (less olive) above in worn spring plumage; in fresh autumn plumage, however, more or less inseparable from lowland birds. Monotypic.

Distribution:

SE USA S from S Missouri, SC Appalachians (West Virginia) and Virginia, and E from E Texas and SE Oklahoma, but excluding Florida Peninsula. Migrates to W Caribbean (Bahamas, Cuba, Jamaica, Swan Is and Cayman Is) and NE Central America (mainly Yucatán Peninsula and Belize).

Descriptive notes

13–14 cm; 14·3–20·4 g. Distinctive parulid with long, deep-based and pointed bill. Has crown warm brown, long whitish supercilium, dark eyestripe;... read more

Voice

Song loud and distinctive, 2–4 (usually three) downslurred whistles followed by a series of... read more

Habitat

Breeds in two distinct habitats. Lowland populations in swampy woodlands, cane brakes with dense... read more

Food and feeding

Feeds mainly on insects and other arthropods; recorded also as eating small lizards. Spiders (Araneae) may be preponderant in the diet.... read more

Breeding

Season May–Jul, exceptionally to early Aug; at least one recent report of double-brooding. One case of probable polygyny reported.... read more

Movements

Short-distance to medium-distance migrant. Leaves breeding grounds from Aug, arriving in winter... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Listed as a species of conservation concern by US Fish & Wildlife Service. Uncommon to locally fairly common. Has declined... read more

Recommended citation

Curson, J. (2019). Swainson's Warbler (Limnothlypis swainsonii). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/61500 on 16 July 2019).