Family Tyrant-flycatchers (Tyrannidae)

Least Concern

Swallow Flycatcher (Hirundinea bellicosa)


Taxonomy

French: Moucherolle de Vieillot German: Orangebürzel-Schwalbentyrann Spanish: Birro belicoso
Taxonomy:

Tyrannus bellicosus

Vieillot

, 1819,

Paraguay

.

Hitherto treated as conspecific with H. ferruginea, but differs in its rufous vs blackish rump to tail (apart from blackish terminal band) (3); reduced or absent white mottling on vague supercilium, cheek, malar and chin (2); rufous fringes of wing-coverts, secondaries and tertials (2); shorter wing (effect size −2.09, score 2); decidedly lower-pitched (at least 2), richer song (lower frequency range; score 2), with longer start note and reaching faster pace#R. Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • H. b. pallidior E. J. O. Hartert & Goodson, 1917 – NW Bolivia S to W Paraguay and NW Argentina (S to Mendoza and San Luis).
  • H. b. bellicosa (Vieillot, 1819) – E & S Brazil, E Bolivia (E Santa Cruz), E Paraguay, NE Argentina (Misiones) and Uruguay.
  • Descriptive notes

    15·5–18·5 cm; 21·2–42 g (once 14 g). Long, slender tyrannid reminiscent of a swallow (Hirundinidae), with short rictal bristles, long pointed bill broad at base, short legs;... read more

    Voice

    Song (and calls) of this species are generally very similar to those of H. ferruginea, but... read more

    Habitat

    In Bolivia and NW Argentina found on sparsely wooded slopes with steep banks, cliffs and bridges at... read more

    Food and feeding

    Insects, including hymenopterans and coleopterans recorded in stomach contents, and horse-flies (Diptera) reported through direct... read more

    Breeding

    Nests found in Nov and Dec in Argentina and S Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul, São Paulo), and nest with young in Pará, E Amazonian... read more

    Movements

    Mainly resident. S breeders migrate during austral winter, sometimes far from typical habitat, for... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Fairly common, especially in SE Brazil. Probably increasing and spreading as a result of deforestation. Among many others, occurs in... read more

    Recommended citation

    del Hoyo, J., Collar, N. & Kirwan, G.M. (2018). Swallow Flycatcher (Hirundinea bellicosa). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/1343691 on 13 November 2018).