French: Colibri hirondelle German: Blauer Gabelschwanzkolibri Spanish: Colibrí golondrina
J. F. Gmelin
Jamaica; error = Cayenne
Subspecies and Distribution
E. m. macroura
(J. F. Gmelin, 1788) – Suriname and N, C & SE Brazil (Amazonas–Rondônia border; Amapá and Pará; Mato Grosso, Goiás and Minas Gerais to São Paulo) to Paraguay and extreme NE Argentina (Misiones)#R.
E. m. simoni
Hellmayr, 1929 – NE Brazil (S Maranhão, Piauí, Ceará, Pernambuco and Bahia to C Goiás and C Minas Gerais).
E. m. cyanoviridis
Grantsau, 1988 – SE Brazil (Serra do Mar, in E São Paulo).
E. m. hirundo
Gould, 1875 – SE Peru (upper Urubamba Valley, in C Cuzco).
E. m. boliviana
J. T. Zimmer, 1950 – SE Peru (Pampas del Heath#R) and N Bolivia (La Paz, Beni).
14·5–17·5 cm (including bill of 2·1 cm, tail 7–9 cm); male 8–9·7 g, female 6–7 g. Male has slightly curved black bill;... read more
Song is a rapidly and repetitively delivered “tsuc tsuc tsuc”, with some individual variation,... read more
Open savanna-like vegetation with shrubs and trees, including campos rupestres and ... read more
Food and feeding
Nectar of native and introduced flowering trees, including Leguminosae, Malvaceae (e.g., Pavonia viscosa, Hibiscus),... read more
Season in Brazil at least Oct–Mar, also until Jun in state of São Paulo, where nests reported Nov–May in city of... read more
Short-distance N–S migrant in Brazil, and the species only occurs in some campos... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. CITES II. Rare in the Guianas and only recently (Jan 2005) confirmed to occur in Argentina (in Misiones), where first reported in Jul 1993; the... read more
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