French: Naucler à queue fourchue German: Schwalbenweih Spanish: Elanio tijereta
Other common names:
American Swallow-tailed Kite
America = Carolina, east USA
Subspecies and Distribution
E. f. forficatus
(Linnaeus, 1758) – coastal SE USA from S Carolina to SE Texas; winters in South America.
E. f. yetapa
(Vieillot, 1818) – S Mexico (except Yucatán Peninsula) S through Central America (excluding El Salvador) to E Bolivia, Paraguay and N Argentina; populations of Mexico and Central America and Trinidad winter in South America.
52–66 cm; race forficatus 325–612 g, race yetapa 390–505 g; wingspan 119–136 cm. Unmistakable, with relatively small head and bill,... read more
Most vocal during display flights and around nest (while building or in defence thereof) or at... read more
Primarily over forests in tropical and subtropical zones, perhaps higher; sometimes shows certain... read more
Food and feeding
Insects, often feeding on insect swarms or hatches, e.g. of Atta sexdens, at high altitude and sometimes with Ictinia plumbea... read more
Laying in mid Mar in Florida and mid Mar to mid Apr (exceptionally mid May) in Guatemala; season Jan–May/Jun in Costa Rica; Mar in... read more
Migratory in N and S of range, over USA, much of Middle America and on Trinidad, and S of Tropic of... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). CITES II. Relatively common over much of its extensive distribution. Estimated average density of at least 10 individuals/10,000 ha... read more
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